Book summary

Nahum was a prophet, likely in Jerusalem, which was the capital of the Kingdom of Judah. His message to Nineveh — a century after Jonah’s visit — was about the destruction coming to them for their wickedness. In contrast, his message to Judah was one of comfort.

Chapter 1 — Comfort and judgment

v1-7 — God’s nature

The Lord takes vengeance on his foes
and vents his wrath against his enemies.
The Lord is slow to anger but great in power;
the Lord will not leave the guilty unpunished. (Nahum 1:2-3)
The Lord is good,
a refuge in times of trouble.
He cares for those who trust in him… (Nahum 1:7)

v8-15 — Comfort for Judah and judgment for Nineveh

“Although I have afflicted you, Judah,
I will afflict you no more.
Now I will break their yoke from your neck
and tear your shackles away.” (Nahum 1:12-13)
The Lord has given a command concerning you, Nineveh:
“You will have no descendants to bear your name.
I will destroy the images and idols
that are in the temple of your gods.
I will prepare your grave,
for you are vile.” (Nahum 1:14)

Chapters 2-3 — The fall of Nineveh

Ch 2 — Nineveh to fall

The river gates are thrown open
and the palace collapses.
It is decreed that Nineveh
be exiled and carried away. (Nahum 2:6-7)

Ch 3 — Woe to Nineveh

“I am against you,” declares the Lord Almighty.
“I will lift your skirts over your face.
I will show the nations your nakedness
and the kingdoms your shame.
I will pelt you with filth,
I will treat you with contempt
and make you a spectacle.” (Nahum 3:5-6)