2 Chronicles

Book summary

1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah remind God’s people — who are returning from exile — of their ancestry and inspire them with a more positive view of history than the previous books tell.

2 Chronicles covers the same period of history as 1 & 2 Kings, but looking only at the Kingdom of Judah and ignoring the Kingdom of Israel. It starts with the reign of King Solomon, and then covers Judah’s kings through to the Babylonian exile. The book finishes with a decree from the Cyrus, king of Persia, that authorizes the return of God’s people to Jerusalem.

Chapters 1-9 — King Solomon

Ch 1 — Solomon asks for wisdom

  • God said to Solomon, “Since this is your heart’s desire and you have not asked for wealth, possessions or honor, nor for the death of your enemies, and since you have not asked for a long life but for wisdom and knowledge to govern my people over whom I have made you king, therefore wisdom and knowledge will be given you. And I will also give you wealth, possessions and honor, such as no king who was before you ever had and none after you will have.” (2 Chron. 1:11-12)

Ch 2-7 — Building the temple

Ch 2 — Preparations
  • Now I am about to build a temple for the Name of the Lord my God and to dedicate it to him for burning fragrant incense before him, for setting out the consecrated bread regularly, and for making burnt offerings every morning and evening and on the Sabbaths, at the New Moons and at the appointed festivals of the Lord our God. This is a lasting ordinance for Israel. (2 Chron. 2:4)

Ch 3-4 — Building the temple
  • Then Solomon began to build the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where the Lord had appeared to his father David. It was on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite, the place provided by David. He began building on the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign. (2 Chron. 3:1-2)

Ch 5 — The Ark brought to the temple
  • The priests then brought the ark of the Lord’s covenant to its place in the inner sanctuary of the temple, the Most Holy Place, and put it beneath the wings of the cherubim. The cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark and covered the ark and its carrying poles. (2 Chron. 5:7-8)

Ch 6-7 — Solomon’s prayer of dedication
  • Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like you in heaven or on earth — you who keep your covenant of love with your servants who continue wholeheartedly in your way. You have kept your promise to your servant David my father; with your mouth you have promised and with your hand you have fulfilled it — as it is today. (2 Chron. 6:14-15)

  • When Solomon had finished the temple of the Lord and the royal palace, and had succeeded in carrying out all he had in mind to do in the temple of the Lord and in his own palace, the Lord appeared to him at night and said: “I have heard your prayer and have chosen this place for myself as a temple for sacrifices.” (2 Chron. 7:11-12)

Ch 8-9 — Solomon’s final years

Ch 8 — Solomon’s other activities
  • In keeping with the ordinance of his father David, he appointed the divisions of the priests for their duties, and the Levites to lead the praise and to assist the priests according to each day’s requirement. He also appointed the gatekeepers by divisions for the various gates, because this was what David the man of God had ordered. They did not deviate from the king’s commands to the priests or to the Levites in any matter, including that of the treasuries. All Solomon’s work was carried out, from the day the foundation of the temple of the Lord was laid until its completion. So the temple of the Lord was finished. (2 Chron. 8:14-16)

Ch 9 — Solomon’s death
  • Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. Then he rested with his ancestors and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son succeeded him as king. (2 Chron 9:30-31)

Chapters 10-36 — Judah’s kings through to the exile

Israel rebels against Rehoboam

  • King Rehoboam sent out Adoniram, who was in charge of forced labor, but the Israelites stoned him to death. King Rehoboam, however, managed to get into his chariot and escape to Jerusalem. So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day. (2 Chron. 10:18-19)

Kings of Judah






Evil. Worshiped false gods.



Evil. Rehoboam’s son & war between them.



Good. Abijah’s son. Spiritual reform.



Good. Asa’s son. Removed pagan objects.



Evil. Jehoshaphat’s son. Ways of Ahab.



Evil. Jehoram’s son. Ways of Ahab.



Evil. Ahaziah’s mother. Killed royal sons.



Good. Ahaziah’s son. Repaired temple.



Good. Joash’s son. Victorious over Edom.



Good. Amaziah’s son. Also called Azariah.



Good. Uzziah’s son. Rebuilt Upper Gate.



Evil. Jotham’s son. Besieged by Aram.



Good. Ahaz’s son. Spiritual reform.



Evil. Hezekiah’s son. Rebuilt pagan idols.


Evil. Manasseh’s son. Killed by his officials.



Good. Amon’s son. Spiritual reform.



Evil. Josiah’s son. Imprisoned by Pharaoh.


Evil. Josiah’s son. Made king by Pharaoh.


Evil. Jehoiakim’s son. Exiled to Babylon.


Evil. Made king by Nebuchadnezzar.

Fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians. People exiled to Babylon.

The fall of Jerusalem

  • The Lord, the God of their ancestors, sent word to them through his messengers again and again, because he had pity on his people and on his dwelling place. But they mocked God’s messengers, despised his words and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of the Lord was aroused against his people and there was no remedy. (2 Chron. 36:15-16)

  • He carried into exile to Babylon the remnant, who escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and his successors until the kingdom of Persia came to power. (2 Chron. 36:20)

The decree of Cyrus, king of Persia

  • In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah, the Lord moved the heart of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and also to put it in writing: “This is what Cyrus king of Persia says: ‘The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and he has appointed me to build a temple for him at Jerusalem in Judah. Any of his people among you may go up, and may the Lord their God be with them.’” (2 Chron. 36:22-23)